In Afghanistan, the Technical Vocational Education and Training (TVET) system is not responding to the needs of the labor market.  The graduates of the vocational trainings do not have the right skills for the right jobs and even if they are hired, they are receiving wages below the minimum market rates. 

At present, the certificates issued by TVET institutions to their graduates have not been recognized at both the domestic and international market levels. There is an urgent need to reform the non-formal technical and vocational education and training sub-sector in Afghanistan.

The lack of recognized awarding system has been the main issue in implementation of labour mobility support initiatives. This has also delayed the possibility to conduct recognition of prior learning (RPL) for majority of Afghan work force who acquire skills through the well know apprenticeship system in Afghanistan.

In order to overcome this shortcoming, the MoLSA has decided to establish a Temporary TVET Commission (T-TVETC) with specific Quality Assurance functions including Registration, Accreditation, Assessment and Certification. The TVET commission aims to produce quality-assured workers by making the delivery of TVET in MoLSA VTCs compliant with the industry standards. The assessment and certification the function will be undertaking the following responsibilities:

  • Review and revise current process for assessment & certification of VTCs under the General Directorate for Skills Development
  • Establish and institutionalize a credible assessment and certification system for non-formal vocational training
  • Set up at less one assessment center in strategic locations following accreditation requirements
  • Implement training programs for assessors using the approved materials
  • Assess and certify assessors using the prescribed assessment tools;
  • Develop assessment tools for the assessment of assessors
  • Develop assessment tools for 6 occupations (Building Electricity, Plumbing, Auto Electrics, Masonry, Dress Making and Computer software)
  • Develop guidelines for assessors;
  • Develop processes and procedures for conduct of assessment in VTCs.
  • Pilot test assessment and certification in at least two VTCs in Kabul and thereafter improve and roll out the assessment in all other MoLSA VTCs
  • Set up certification unit to award certificates to competent candidates
  • Develop mechanisms for the award of competency certificates