Background: IOM, with financial support of the European Union, in coordination with MoLSA has developed the Reintegration and Development Assistance in Afghanistan (RADA) project to support sustainable reintegration of returnees within their communities of return. RADA is implemented in eight provinces of high return (Baghlan, Balkh, Herat, Kabul, Kandahar, Kunar, Laghman and Nangarhar) with an integrated approach to the economic, social and psychosocial aspects of reintegration at both the individual and community levels. At the structural level, technical assistance supports national and sub-national Afghan government authorities to strengthen their capacity to plan, manage and facilitate reintegration.

Overall objective (impact): To contribute to the progressive achievement of SDG 10.7, “to facilitate orderly, safe, regular and responsible migration and mobility of people, including through the implementation of planned and well-managed policies”.


Specific objective (outcome): To support Afghan returnees, their families and host communities towards sustainable reintegration in Afghanistan.


RADA has 4 result areas (outputs):

1 - Programmatic activities fostering sustainable reintegration

2 - Programmatic activities fostering capacity strengthening

3 - Reception assistance for individual returnees

4 - Knowledge and evidence development (through M&E, Reintegration Index and policy research)

Output 1: Returnees and communities in areas of high return in Afghanistan share an enabling environment for sustainable reintegration in which returnees reach a level of economic self-sufficiency, social stability within their community, and psychosocial well-being that enable them to cope with (re-) migration drivers.

Activity 1.1. Implementation of community-based development projects and activities that foster economic, social and psychosocial reintegration in areas of high return in Afghanistan.

Activity 1.2 Provision of business development support to existing and new small and medium-sized enterprises (SME).

Activity 1.3 Provision of Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET), skills training and facilitate access to sustainable employment opportunities. 

Output 2: The Ministry of Refugees and Repatriation (MoRR), and its departments at the provincial level, has strengthened capacities to plan, coordinate and facilitate the provision of comprehensive reintegration assistance.

Activity 2.1 Provide technical assistance to MoRR and DoRR to strengthen their capacity to develop return and reintegration policy and plan, manage and oversee comprehensive reintegration assistance.

Activity 2.2 Establish Reintegration Information Centers (RICs) and build capacity of MoRR and DoRR to run RICs and transition them to government-run facilities.

Output 3: Persons who are returned to Afghanistan under the Joint Way Forward framework and additional agreements on returns from other countries, are provided with immediate reception assistance at the airport in Kabul, Afghanistan.

Activity 3.1 Provision of medical screening and basic treatment, facilitating psycho-social screening, basic counselling and access to telecommunications; 

Activity 3.2 Provision of cash lumpsum to cover first basic needs such as onward transportation and temporary accommodation;

Activity 3.3 Provision of information on referrals for further immediate assistance (e.g. medical facilities, mental health and psychosocial support) and comprehensive reintegration assistance.

Output 4: Comprehensive data collection, trend monitoring and research contributes to an evidence base on return, reintegration and development policy and practice in Afghanistan.

Activity 4.2 Regular data collection and analysis provide an evidence base of contextual return and displacement trends and push/pull factors at the local and sub-national levels to inform better-targeted and responsive programming aimed at fostering an enabling environment for reintegration.

Activity 4.3 Development and implementation of a reintegration research agenda contributes to an evidence base on the policy and practice related to return and reintegration in Afghanistan.



Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) is one of the components of RADA project which aims to provide vocational skills trainings to the returnees in the eight targeted provinces. 

To foster employability and increase employment opportunities in the labour market, IOM will provide returnees with tailored technical and vocational education and training (TVET). In doing so, specific attention will be placed on pre-existing skills, experience, educational profile, intentions and preferences as IOM’s experience has learned that skills development measures that go beyond basic skills require tailoring not only to returnees’ preferences, capacities and intentions, but also to the specific labour market and market system in Afghanistan, as well as the available opportunities for TVET and other forms of skills development.  A comprehensive Labour Market Analysis (LMA), in close coordination with the EU-funded TVET consortium and MoLSA is therefore the basis for any activity under this component, in which aims to train and facilitate sustainable employment of 1,000 youth.

A review of past and current TVET initiatives in Afghanistan has learned IOM that the majority of TVET schemes focus on basic levels, not always enough to equip graduates with a set of competitive skills that enable them to be (self-)employed. Therefore, IOM’s TVET officer will work with relevant technical counterparts in government and from other organizations active in the TVET domain to upgrade the level of training and will provide returnee youth (young adults) with training up to 3rd level of TVET based on MOLSA standards.

The LMA findings inform which sectors are selected in all RADA target provinces. Participants will complete this TVET track maximum in nine months. During training implementation, the participants will be supported with a minimal stipend. This cash transfer will be issued upon receipt of time sheets signed by the employer to ensure due diligence. Students are expected to be able to cover their transport and food costs during the training course.

Local experienced service providers are selected to implement the TVET related activities. IOM will monitor the learning outcomes and satisfaction of youth returnees through close project monitoring, and regular feedback on the training courses will be sought from the participants to make course corrections as needed.

Upon completion, participants are provided with post-graduation support, including toolkits and additional basic technical business or marketing training for those opting to commence operation on their own or start a small business. For example, depending on the need upon graduation from a TVET course, IOM can facilitate additional training to graduates on Essential Work Skills (EWS) introducing five key competencies essential for successful employability: integrity, adaptability, commitment, teamwork and communication skills. Modules included under this competency umbrella will include: problem solving, decision making, time and stress management, teamwork, conflict resolution and cultural tolerance.

In addition to ensuring the employability of participants who do not wish or opt to be self-employed, IOM facilitates connections with participating SMEs and other business actors in local markets that are interested to employ graduates.  IOM will determine whether prospective employers can be considered as safe and appropriate working environments, in line with the minimum standards for safe employment developed by MoLSA. With these businesses, IOM will provide orientation sessions for all prospective employers to train them on safe employment standards and advocate with local businesses to provide decent working opportunities for the trained returnees.

IOM’s team, notably the SME and TVET officers will function as ‘network brokers’, promoting and organizing the full range of networking activities. This, in collaboration with community representatives will focus on creating networking opportunities as well as finding motivated youth willing to find employment. Hence, the outcome of the TVET courses and establishing networks will be that returnee youth are introduced to the local labour market and are able to access the labour market, generate income and gain experience in the local context.

Throughout, IOM will work with MoLSA and its departments at the provincial level. The National Skills Development Department of MoLSA and other relevant technical entities will oversee the development of requisite training curriculum for 3rd level (and if required for 4th level too) of TVET. IOM’s TVET officer will manage curriculum and training material development as well as provide technical assistance to implementation of TVET training courses.



RADA through its transparent procurement process assigned a service provider to provide the TVET trainings to 230 returnees in Nangarhar, Kunar, Laghman, Herat and Kandahar provinces. The skills are selected by the participants based on the labour market assessment conducted by consortium NGOs and IOM in 2018. The skills selected by the participants are embroidery, mobile repairing, solar panel repairing, curtain making, child bedding tailoring, dress making and coat making tailoring. The trainings for the mentioned skills in the five provinces has started in February 2019. The required set of toolkits for the mentioned skills are provided to the trainings so that to make sure the centers are fully equipped with the required stuff for practical activities. The trainees will be using the toolkits during the training course and will be handed over to them after the completion of the training.



RADA has selected 528 returnees from different high returnee settlements in the eight target provinces to receive the technical and vocational trainings. The selection of the location and participants are done in close coordination with the representatives from DoRR, DoLSA, CDC and IOM in respective provinces. After the procurement bidding process, IOM will hire a potential service provider to provide the mentioned skills trainings in the eight target provinces.




Total Targets



2020 - 21