The division of occupations into various sectors and sub sectors is very critical for the development of National Occupational Skill Standards (NOSS) and Competency Based Curricula. It helps to effectively manage the activities such skills analysis, NOSS development, design and implementation of TVET programs etc. Followings are the major sectors that have been selected as a starting point by the National Skills Development Program and the Directorate General for Skills Development - Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs:
The construction sector is a very large industry, which includes activities such as infrastructure construction, construction of industrial and civil buildings, and its maintenance. In the past decade, Afghanistan has witnessed unprecedented growth in the construction sector, and so far, the sector has attracted the most private investment in comparison with other sectors. There are investment opportunities in the construction materials industry that is extensively imported from the countries of the region. Despite government expenditures in development projects, there is a large demand for housing construction in the capital and provinces. To this end, in order to create employment opportunity for people in this sector, the Directorate General for Skills Development of the Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs has developed 60 National Occupational Skills Standards and Training Curriculum to provide standardized Technical and vocational training on Labor market driven occupations required in in the construction sector.
The trades/skills which are targeted for National Occupational Skills Standards (NOSS) and Competency Based Curriculum (CBC) as per the labor market analysis conducted by various Non- Formal TVET Providers under Construction sector are as follows: